Yaneer Bar-Yam’s of the New England Complex Systems Institute has a textbook called, Dynamics of Complex Systems that is available on-line. According to the site, he recommends starting with Chapters 2, 3, 8 and 9 first. Happy reading.
just because you can’t prove something ever existed doesn’t mean it never existed, it just means you should maybe question why you think it existed based on a total lack of evidence beyond assorted fantastical stories that were not geographically limited to your corner of the world in any way whatsoever.
What people are truly interested in are the genetic basis of complex traits, such as intelligence, personality, and height. Unfortunately complex traits often have a complex genetic basis. A trait such as height, which is highly heritable (i.e., most of the variation in the population is due to variation in genes), turns out to be subject to the control of innumerable genes, each of which has a small impact on the value of the final trait. Then there is the possibility that the heritability is tied up to interaction effects across genes.
In an ecosystem consisting of a thousand organisms, the state of each of which is characterized by ten variables (for example, position, health, water and food levels, whether pregnant), the state of the entire system will be represented by ten thousand variables.
Many real systems work fine and more efficiently due to the useful role of a random weak noise… Not only physical systems benefits from disorder. In fact, noise has a great influences on the dynamics of cells, neurons and other biological entities, but also on ecological, geo-physical and socio-economic systems.Standard trading strategies and their algorithms, based on the past history of the time-series, although have occasionally the chance to be successful inside small temporal windows, on a large temporal scale, perform on average not better than the purely random strategy, which, on the other hand, is also much less volatile.For the individual trader, a purely random strategy represents a costless alternative to expensive professional financial consulting, being at the same time also much less risky, if compared to the other trading strategies.
@lurino bisa diterapkan di pilpres sih, pilihnya random aja karena sistemnya toh ngga rasional…
Correlation analysis assumes the data are bivariate normally distributed, while linear regression assumes a linear relationship between a predictor variable and a normally distributed response variable.